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US election 2020 Reps vs Dems emojicloud

US Election 2020 in Emojis

Emojis are useful not only when you want to express your feelings or emotions, they also could be used as a symbol for some topic, movement, or problem.

And they are often used for that.

Have you heard how On 18 June 2020 Facebook removed Trump ads displaying ๐Ÿ”ปRed Triangle Pointed Down? Was it used as a Nazi political prisoners symbol by the Trump campaign or by his opponents?

Or how the โœŠ๐ŸฝโœŠ๐ŸพโœŠ๐ŸฟRaised Fist Emojis used a symbol for Black Lives Matter movement?

Or the ๐ŸŒˆRainbow first and then after 2016, the ๐Ÿณ๏ธโ€๐ŸŒˆRainbow Flag emojis are used as a symbol for Pride / LGBTQ+?

And just recently the ๐ŸŽ—๏ธReminder Ribbon was actively used in October as Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

Have you wondered how are emojis used in political campaigns?

To scratch that topic a bit, we have conducted an analysis of over 1M tweets related to the US Presidential election 2020.


Tweets were collected between 2 Oct 2020 and 16 Oct 2020.

Total tweets collected: 1,141,002.

Total emojis counted in tweets: 350,493.

Unique emojis used: 1,779.


The list of keywords was taken from Public Twitter Dataset on the 2020 US Presidential Election.

After tweets were collected, they were grouped and analyzed by six different groups of keywords related to:

  1. Donald Trump:
    ['@realDonaldTrump', 'donaldtrump', 'donaldjtrump', 'donald j trump', 'donald trump', 'don trump', 'trump', 'trump', '#DonaldTrump', 'PresidentTrump', 'MAGA', 'trump2020', 'DumpTrump', 'NeverTrump', 'Trump'].
    It's the most massive group with 786,442 tweets in our sample.
  2. Donald Trump campaign:
    ['MAGA', 'trump2020', 'Trump2020', 'Trump', 'RNC2020', 'KAG', 'MAGA2020', 'Trump2020Landslide', 'AmericaFirst', 'KAG2020', 'TulsaTrumpRally', 'VoteRedToSaveAmerica', 'VoteRed', 'TrumpPence2020'].
    This group has 731,055 tweets and there is a big overlap with the previous group.
  3. Mike Pence:
    ['mike pence', 'michael pence', 'mikepence', 'michaelpence', '@Mike_Pence', 'Mike Pence'].
    The smallest group in our sample with only 4,775 tweets.
  4. Joe Biden:
    ['@JoeBiden', 'joe biden', 'joebiden', 'biden', 'Sleepy Joe', 'Sleepyjoe', 'HidenBiden', 'CreepyJoeBiden', 'NeverBiden', 'BidenUkraineScandal'].
    There are 95,551 tweets in the group.
  5. Joe Biden campaign:
    ['DemConvention', 'BidenHarris2020', 'Biden2020', 'Democrats', 'VoteBlueToSaveAmerica', 'VoteBlue', 'JoeBiden', 'Biden', 'WakeUpAmerica'].
    With 210,868 tweets, this group is twice as much as Joe Biden's group, so for better accuracy, we will compare Donald Trump's campaign vs Joe Biden campaign.
  6. Kamala Harris:
    ['kamala harris', 'kamala', 'kamalaharris', '@KamalaHarris', '@SenKamalaHarris'].
    This group has 17001 tweets.

Top 10 Emojis

US elections 2020 in EMojis top 10

Figure 1: Top 10 emojis in the Donald Trump campaign and Joe Biden campaign (JBC) groups.

The ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Flag: United States emoji is the most popular emoji in the Donald Trump campaign group (15.00% of tweets) and is in second place(10.83%) in the Joe Biden campaign group.

The ๐Ÿคฃ Rolling on the Floor Laughing and the ๐Ÿ˜‚ Face with Tears of Joy emojis are constantly one of the most used on Twitter. It worth to note those have higher ranks in Biden's group.

The ๐Ÿ™ Folded Hands emoji is in 3rd place in the Trump campaign group (7.52%) and only on 8 in Biden's (2.08%). Things are even more interesting if we will count it together with ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿป Folded Hands: Light Skin Tone, with 6th rank in Trump (1.82%) and 29 in Biden group (0.53%). It will climb to the 2nd place in Trump campaign group with a 9.34% share and to 5th place in Biden with a 2.61% share.

Does it mean that people who tweeted using the Trump campaign group keywords are more religious? If we look at the ๐Ÿ™๐ŸผFolded Hands: Medium-Light Skin Tone and the โœ๏ธLatin Cross emojis share in the sample, it will be more than twice larger in the Donald Trump campaign tweets group.

The โค๏ธ Red Heart is in 4th place in Trump campaign group (6.11%) and on 5th in Biden(2.44%). It's widely used as one of the most popular emoji across Twitter, but have a much bigger share in Trump campaign tweets as red color is associated with Republicans.

When the ๐Ÿ’™ Blue Heart emoji is not so popular as โค๏ธ Red Heart on Twitter in general, but when it comes to the Democratic party this emoji is in 4th place, and only on 13 in Trump campaign tweets.

One emoji that looks quite organically at the top in those politically related tweets is the ๐Ÿค” Thinking Face.

The ๐ŸŒŠ Water Wave is used as the symbol for a "Blue Wave" by Democratic Party supporters and is in 7th place in Biden campaign group.

The ๐Ÿ‘ Thumbs Up ranked 8 in Trump campaign group and 11 in Biden.

And the ๐Ÿ™„ Face with Rolling Eyes and the ๐Ÿ‘‡ Backhand Index Pointing Down are the only emojis with the same rank in both groups.

What is in the Top 15

Trump campaign

Trump top 15 emojis US election 2020

Figure 2: Top 15 emojis in the Donald Trump campaign group.

The emoji from 11 to 15 rank:

EmojiCloud with top 100 emojis in Trump campaign tweets group:

trump campaign emojis

Biden campaign

Biden top 15 emojis US election 2020

Figure 3: Top 15 emojis in the Joe Biden campaign group.

The emoji from 11 to 15 rank:

EmojiCloud with top 100 emojis in Biden campaign tweets group:

biden_campaign emojis

Kamala Harris

Harris top 15 emojis US election 2020

Figure 4: Top 15 emojis in the Kamala Harris group.

Here are some differences from other tweets groups.

The ๐Ÿ‘Clapping Hands emoji is in 8th place.

The ๐ŸคฎFace Vomiting on 9th place, thanks to 7 hateful tweets to @KamalaHarris, that have spammed that emoji in the text.

The ๐Ÿ“‰Chart Decreasing emoji on 13th place here compared to 100+ in other groups.

EmojiCloud with top 100 emojis in Kamala Harris tweets group:

kamala harris emojis

Mike Pence

Pence top 15 emojis US election 2020

Figure 5: Top 15 emojis in the Mike Pence group.

The ๐Ÿ‘Peach is in 5th place mainly thanks to the tweets like:

LETโ€™S REGISTER TO VOTE, AZ, FL, GA, OH, & TXโ€ผ๏ธโ€ผ๏ธ

The โ€ผ๏ธ Double Exclamation Mark that is often used to express shock took 8th place.

EmojiCloud with top 100 emojis in Mike Pence tweets group:

mike pence emojis

Sentiment analysis

We made sentiment analysis for each tweet group using the pretrained Logistic Regression model from Kaggle with 82% accuracy.
Note: This model is doing rough estimations.

The model predicts 0 if it thinks a tweet is negative, or 1 if positive.


US election 2020 tweets sentiment analysis

Figure 6: Average sentiment predictions for Donald Trump, Mike Pence, Joe Biden, and Kamala Harris tweet groups.

We hope you found this analysis insightful. More research will be coming soon.

From the team at Emojigraph ๐Ÿค๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿค

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